New Year, a traditional holiday that is celebrated all over the world

The New Year is a holiday of greetings and best wishes, socializing, having fun, raising toasts, prosperous tables and exchanging mutual gifts.

This holiday is simultaneously and equally enjoyed by all generations: children, young people, as well as the elderly, as well as those who wait for the gifts, as well as those who happily choose and give them.

The celebration of the New Year is one of the oldest ritual traditions expressed by almost all the peoples of the world, regardless of race, religion, nation and their various affiliations. Some researchers think that the celebration of the New Year’s holiday was first applied by the Chinese, while another group thinks that this tradition has its origins in the old Romans.

According to the existing material evidence discovered so far, it has been proven that the New Year’s holiday on January 1, for the first time, was celebrated in a festive and ritual way by the ancient Romans and for them, this holiday was a symbol of the beginning of life again full of good hopes for the future.Although peoples celebrate this holiday with faith in a new and more prosperous beginning, it is not enjoyed by all on the same date, because some peoples apply the Lunar calendar (calculation according to the rotation of the Moon), while others Solar (calculation according to the rotation of the Sun). Compared to the solar calendar, which is fixed and unchanging with 365 days, those peoples who determine their calendar according to the lunar (moon) cycle do not celebrate the arrival of the New Year every year on the same day, because if it is known, the cycles of the moon are variable and the moment of change of weather is celebrated with the beginning of the new moon, namely in the month of February of our calendar year.

The Lunar New Year, today rather as a traditional popular holiday is celebrated in China, India, Japan, Vietnam, as well as in some other countries of the East, and in parallel, together with the celebration of the Solar New Year, calculated according to Gregorian calendar.For the Chinese, Lunar New Year is the spring festival. It is considered the biggest national celebration, which is celebrated with great pomp. In Japan, this holiday is celebrated with lavish tables full of rare traditional specialties, and at midnight of the changing of the seasons, 108 bells ring from all Buddhist temples around the country. The symbolism of 108 means as a warning and order for the removal of 108 possible human sins in life.

Even the Jewish people celebrate the New Year in a grand way, because according to religious teachings, it is considered a spiritual holiday, which marks the anniversary of the beginning of the creation of the World. For these, the date of the celebration is variable due to the application of the combined lunar-solar calendar. One more thing is characteristic of the Jewish celebration of the New Year: at the time of the change of seasons, they really have a rich table, but unlike other peoples, it is laid only with sweet things, that is, their table rich is prosperous only with sweets.In the warm countries of the southern hemisphere of our globe, the New Year is celebrated in the summer season, without snow and the winter wonder that we are used to in the northern countries, but this, in no way reduces the grandeur of the pomp of its celebration.

In many countries and states of the world, the tradition of celebrating the New Year collectively has already been formed. There are not a few different cities of the world’s major metropolises, where their inhabitants, before the change of weather, massively go to the center of the city. This form of New Year’s celebration is now traditional in many capitals of European and World countries, such as: Paris, London, Rome, Madrid, New York, Moscow, Mexico, Cairo, Tokyo…etc.In recent years, the arrangement and festive decoration of the cities with lights, fir trees and figures of “Father-Winter” as well as the massive exit of the population through the centers and squares of the cities, is applied in a grand manner in all the main squares of the cities of Albania and Kosova.

Rituals, beliefs on the day of New Year’s receptionThe night of the changing of the seasons during the New Year’s Eve, different peoples of the world are characterized by a wide and varied spectrum of different rites, beliefs and superstitions, which were created as an expression of wishes for: purification, removal of demons and evil spirits, the search for luck and happiness, the richest and most prosperous life…etc. Many of these actions are preserved and traditionally cultivated to this day.Cuban tradition for the night of the change of seasons involves eating 12 sardines, a type of fish. This is believed to increase luck and happiness during the 12 months of the following new year. In the Philippines, it is very important to provide as much variety of food as possible at the festive family table during the New Year reception. With this act, it is believed that the coming year will be as rich and prosperous as the festive table of that evening is rich.In the tradition of the peoples of almost the whole world, children born on January 1 are considered the luckiest children in the world.The kiss at midnight is not only an expression of the euphoric moment of the celebration, but it also expresses the confirmation of the blessing of friendship and closeness with that person, even during the 12 months of the coming year.The first person, who will enter their house in the afternoon, is believed to be a lucky person for you throughout the following year, and you can faithfully rely on him.It is preferable to finish any work or action that you have left in half on the day of the change of weather. This action will bring you a lot of luck and good work in all your enterprises, throughout the next year, writes ATSH. If you want the coming year to be happy and lucky, you should not wait for it in any way with debts. Try to pay off all the debts you have before the arrival of the New Year, because this way the coming year will bring you a good start in all areas of life.Do not leave all your wallets empty this evening, but fill them with coins, because it is believed that the next year will bring you more prosperity and wealth. 

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